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Med. Sci. 2018, 6(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci6010006

The Side Effects of the Most Commonly Used Group of Antibiotics in Periodontal Treatments

1
Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Center of Tirana, RR. Dibra, 370, Tirana 100, Albania
2
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Albanian University, Tirana 1001, Albania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 7 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
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Abstract

Antibiotic combinations are preferred for the treatment of periodontal diseases, with the aim of hitting the bacterial flora, according to its characteristics—aerobic, anaerobic, gram-negative, and gram-positive—with certain antibiotics that act on certain bacteria. The aim of this study is to analyze the side effects of the antibiotics used. Data on the side effects (preferably expressed in percentages) of some antibiotics, the favorites in periodontal recipes, are gathered from the literature. These data are listed according to the antibiotic used. In the case of providing a periodontal prescription, the patient is at risk of allergy (5%), nephritis (3%), hematological problems (2–2.5%), gastrointestinal problems (5.5%), disturbance in the nervous system (2%), allergic signs on the skin (5.5%), and problems with electrolytes displayed in lower percentages. Interaction with different medications is present in almost all cases. The influence on the body systems is 4% in total, the maximum value of which is expressed on the skin, and the minimum value is expressed in the nervous system. Cross allergies are at a high value because of the expressed structural similarity of antibiotics. Given a recipe, we have a balance of the percentage of side effects, the percentage of bacterial resistance, and the percentage of the success of the recommended dose of antibiotics. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic; via side effects; periodontology antibiotic; via side effects; periodontology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Heta, S.; Robo, I. The Side Effects of the Most Commonly Used Group of Antibiotics in Periodontal Treatments. Med. Sci. 2018, 6, 6.

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