Iron Profile and Glycaemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
AbstractIron overload is increasingly being connected to insulin resistance in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. Free iron causes the assembly of reactive oxygen species that invariably steer the body’s homeostasis towards oxidative stress-mediated diabetic complications. This study aims to assess the serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), and percentage transferrin saturation (Tsat) of 150 subjects divided into three groups (I,II,III) of 50. Healthy individuals (controls) constituted Group I. Group II consisted of T2DM patients with optimal glycaemic control. T2DM patients with suboptimal glycaemic control formed group III. Mean serum free iron concentration was 105.34 ± 3.5, 107.33 ± 3.45, and 125.58 ± 3.45 μg/dL in Group I, Group II, and Group III, respectively. Mean serum TIBC concentration in Group I, Group II, and Group III was 311.39 ± 5.47, 309.63 ± 6.1, and 284.2 ± 3.18 μg/dL, respectively. Mean serum transferrin saturation (%) in Group I, Group II, and Group III was 34.17 ± 1.21, 35.02 ± 1.2, and 44.39 ± 1.07, respectively. The difference between TIBC, mean serum free iron concentration, and transferrin saturation between Group I and Group III (for all, p values <0.001), as well as between Group II and Group III (p values 0.0012, 0.0015, and <0.0001, respectively) was statistically significant. The fasting plasma glucose values of Groups II and III were significantly higher than those of Group I, (p < 0.0001). Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values were also shown to increase from Group I to II and then III, and the increase was highly significant (all p values <0.0001). Thus, decreased glycaemic control and an increase in the glycation of haemoglobin was the key to elevation in serum iron values and alterations in other parameters. However, a significant correlation was absent between serum iron and HbA1c (r = 0.05) and transferrin saturation (r = 0.0496) in Group III. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Misra, G.; Bhatter, S.K.; Kumar, A.; Gupta, V.; Khan, M.Y. Iron Profile and Glycaemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Med. Sci. 2016, 4, 22.
Misra G, Bhatter SK, Kumar A, Gupta V, Khan MY. Iron Profile and Glycaemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Medical Sciences. 2016; 4(4):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Misra, Gunjan; Bhatter, Surendra K.; Kumar, Ajai; Gupta, Varsha; Khan, Mohd Y. 2016. "Iron Profile and Glycaemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus." Med. Sci. 4, no. 4: 22.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.