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Geosciences 2018, 8(8), 280; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8080280

A More Comprehensive Habitable Zone for Finding Life on Other Planets

Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 25 July 2018 / Accepted: 26 July 2018 / Published: 28 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Planetary Evolution and Search for Life on Habitable Planets)
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Abstract

The habitable zone (HZ) is the circular region around a star(s) where standing bodies of water could exist on the surface of a rocky planet. Space missions employ the HZ to select promising targets for follow-up habitability assessment. The classical HZ definition assumes that the most important greenhouse gases for habitable planets orbiting main-sequence stars are CO2 and H2O. Although the classical HZ is an effective navigational tool, recent HZ formulations demonstrate that it cannot thoroughly capture the diversity of habitable exoplanets. Here, I review the planetary and stellar processes considered in both classical and newer HZ formulations. Supplementing the classical HZ with additional considerations from these newer formulations improves our capability to filter out worlds that are unlikely to host life. Such improved HZ tools will be necessary for current and upcoming missions aiming to detect and characterize potentially habitable exoplanets. View Full-Text
Keywords: astrobiology; planetary atmospheres; habitable zones; extraterrestrial life astrobiology; planetary atmospheres; habitable zones; extraterrestrial life
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ramirez, R.M. A More Comprehensive Habitable Zone for Finding Life on Other Planets. Geosciences 2018, 8, 280.

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