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Geosciences 2018, 8(6), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8060207

GIS and Remote-Sensing Application in Archaeological Site Mapping in the Awsard Area (Morocco)

1
Geosciences Laboratory, University Hassan II, B.P. 3366 Maarif, Casablanca 20100, Morocco
2
Institut National de Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine (INSAP), B.P. 6828, Rabat 10000, Morocco
3
Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, P.O. Box 632-00618, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 April 2018 / Revised: 14 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
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Abstract

Morocco is famous as one of the archaeologically richest places with many sites. In addition, some of the sites have been listed as UNESCO World Human Heritage sites. In situ observations are used in cultural heritage and archaeological sites mapping. However, this procedure requires periodic observations, which are practically difficult to combine with traditional methods and practices since this is time consuming and expensive. Thus, modern technologies, mainly GIS and remote sensing, are gaining attention as tools for prediction at archaeological sites. The aim of this paper is to assess the application of GIS and remote sensing in order to develop a predictive model, which will be used in locating areas with high potential as archaeological sites in the Awsard area (southern Morocco). The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) as a multi-criteria decision making method, which integrates archaeological data and environmental factors, geospatial analysis and predictive modelling, has been applied to the identification of possible tumuli locations in the study area. The model was developed using a zone of 21 km2 with 233 known sites. It was later validated using 530 unknown sites within an area of 980 km2. The acceptable accuracy of 93% was calculated using an estimation of predictive gain, which proves the efficiency of the model’s predictive ability. View Full-Text
Keywords: analytic hierarchy process (AHP); archaeology; predictive model; tumuli; remote sensing; multi-criteria; Saharan Morocco analytic hierarchy process (AHP); archaeology; predictive model; tumuli; remote sensing; multi-criteria; Saharan Morocco
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Nsanziyera, A.F.; Rhinane, H.; Oujaa, A.; Mubea, K. GIS and Remote-Sensing Application in Archaeological Site Mapping in the Awsard Area (Morocco). Geosciences 2018, 8, 207.

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