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Geosciences 2017, 7(4), 94; doi:10.3390/geosciences7040094

Using Open Access Satellite Data Alongside Ground Based Remote Sensing: An Assessment, with Case Studies from Egypt’s Delta

1
Department of Anthropology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
2
Globalxplorer, Birmingham, AL 35203, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing and Geosciences for Archaeology)

Abstract

This paper will assess the most recently available open access high-resolution optical satellite data (0.3 m–0.6 m) and its detection of buried ancient features versus ground based remote sensing tools. It also discusses the importance of CORONA satellite data to evaluate landscape changes over the past 50 years surrounding sites. The study concentrates on Egypt’s Nile Delta, which is threatened by rising sea and water tables and urbanization. Many ancient coastal sites will be lost in the next few decades, thus this paper emphasizes the need to map them before they disappear. It shows that high resolution satellites can sometimes provide the same general picture on ancient sites in the Egyptian Nile Delta as ground based remote sensing, with relatively sandier sedimentary and degrading tell environments, during periods of rainfall, and higher groundwater conditions. Research results also suggest potential solutions for rapid mapping of threatened Delta sites, and urge a collaborative global effort to maps them before they disappear. View Full-Text
Keywords: Worldview-3; Worldview-2; CORONA; magnetometer; ground penetrating radar; Nile Delta; Egypt Worldview-3; Worldview-2; CORONA; magnetometer; ground penetrating radar; Nile Delta; Egypt
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Parcak, S.; Mumford, G.; Childs, C. Using Open Access Satellite Data Alongside Ground Based Remote Sensing: An Assessment, with Case Studies from Egypt’s Delta. Geosciences 2017, 7, 94.

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