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Geosciences 2017, 7(4), 101; doi:10.3390/geosciences7040101

The Nature and Articulation of Ethical Codes on Tailings Management in South Africa

1
Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mangosuthu University of Technology, 511 Mangosuthu Highway, Umlazi 4031, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
2
Department of Geology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Road, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 12 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethics and Geoethics in Geosciences)
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Abstract

It is well recognized that the mining industry in South Africa is highly rated for its substantial contribution to the country’s economic growth, including employment and infrastructural development. It is also known that mining and ore processing activities potentially pose a severe threat to public health and environmental well-being, in the way operations are carried out, mine wastes are disposed of (in dumps), local communities are relocated, mine management and the mining community, in general, perceive established environmental standards and etiquette. This paper examines ethical practices and norms in the South African mining industry, with particular reference to the management of tailings dams. We analyse the modes of articulation of the country’s regulatory instruments for tailings management, and review the corporate social responsibility (CSR) approach of leading mining companies. Despite decades of research and resulting recommendations on tailings management, it is concluded that the current legislations are largely ineffective, that the level of adherence by mine management and the mining community is low, and that the mechanisms for compliance monitoring is weak. New perspectives on legislative issues for unsolved problems in tailings handling are put forward, and directions for future research, indicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: mine tailings; ethics; legislations; corporate social responsibility; policy research; South Africa mine tailings; ethics; legislations; corporate social responsibility; policy research; South Africa
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Poswa, T.T.; Davies, T.C. The Nature and Articulation of Ethical Codes on Tailings Management in South Africa. Geosciences 2017, 7, 101.

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