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Animals 2016, 6(11), 68; doi:10.3390/ani6110068

Owners’ Perceptions of Their Animal’s Behavioural Response to the Loss of an Animal Companion

1
New Zealand Companion Animal Council, P.O. Box 43221, Auckland 2351, New Zealand
2
Faculty of Education, Humanities and Health Science, Eastern Institute of Technology, Napier 4112, New Zealand
3
Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Queensland, Gatton, QLD 4343, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marina von Keyserlingk
Received: 24 August 2016 / Revised: 26 October 2016 / Accepted: 27 October 2016 / Published: 3 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [239 KB, uploaded 3 November 2016]

Abstract

The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals’ behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand. A total of 279 viable surveys were returned pertaining to 159 dogs and 152 cats. The two most common classes of behavioural changes reported for both dogs and cats were affectionate behaviours (74% of dogs and 78% of cats) and territorial behaviours (60% of dogs and 63% of cats). Both dogs and cats were reported to demand more attention from their owners and/or display affiliative behaviour, as well as spend time seeking out the deceased’s favourite spot. Dogs were reported to reduce the volume (35%) and speed (31%) of food consumption and increase the amount of time spent sleeping (34%). Cats were reported to increase the frequency (43%) and volume (32%) of vocalisations following the death of a companion. The median duration of reported behavioural changes in both species was less than 6 months. There was consensus that the behaviour of companion animals changed in response to the loss of an animal companion. These behavioural changes suggest the loss had an impact on the remaining animal. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal-animal bond; animal grief; cat; companion animal bond; dog animal-animal bond; animal grief; cat; companion animal bond; dog
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Walker, J.K.; Waran, N.K.; Phillips, C.J.C. Owners’ Perceptions of Their Animal’s Behavioural Response to the Loss of an Animal Companion. Animals 2016, 6, 68.

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