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One Medicine, One Acupuncture
Abstract“One Acupuncture”, like “One Medicine”, has the potential to improve research quality and clinical outcomes. However, while human acupuncture point locations have remained largely consistent over time, the veterinary versions remain imprecise and variable. Establishing anatomical criteria for veterinary acupuncture atlases in keeping with the human template will create congruence across species, benefiting both research and practice. Anatomic criteria for points based on objectively verifiable structures will facilitate translational research. Functionally comparative innervation, in particular, should be similar between species, as the nerves initiate and mediate physiologic changes that result from point stimulation. If researchers choose points that activate different nerves in one species than in another, unpredictable outcomes may occur. Variability in point placement will impede progress and hamper the ability of researchers and clinicians to make meaningful comparisons across species. This paper reveals incongruities that remain between human and veterinary acupuncture points, illustrating the need to analyze anatomical characteristics of each point to assure accuracy in selecting transpositional acupuncture locations.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Robinson, N.G. One Medicine, One Acupuncture. Animals 2012, 2, 395-414.View more citation formats
Robinson NG. One Medicine, One Acupuncture. Animals. 2012; 2(3):395-414.Chicago/Turabian Style
Robinson, Narda G. 2012. "One Medicine, One Acupuncture." Animals 2, no. 3: 395-414.