Animals 2011, 1(4), 396-401; doi:10.3390/ani1040396
Article

Signs Observed Among Animal Species Infected with Raccoon Rabies Variant Virus, Massachusetts, USA, 1992–2010

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Received: 26 September 2011; in revised form: 16 November 2011 / Accepted: 16 November 2011 / Published: 18 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zoonotic Diseases of Companion Animals)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We analyzed signs occurring among domestic and wild terrestrial animal species infected with raccoon rabies variant virus (RRV) in Massachusetts, 1992–2010. The clinical sign of aggression was significantly associated with rabid stray cats (odds ratio, OR = 2.3) and RRV affected major wild terrestrial animal species individually, which included raccoons (OR = 2.8), skunks (OR = 8.0), gray foxes (OR = 21.3), red foxes (OR = 10.4), woodchucks (OR = 4.7) and coyotes (OR = 27.6). While aggression is a useful predictor of rabies among wild animals, combinations of other signs such as ataxia, disorientation, and salivation are useful predictors of rabies among domestic animals. Pets reported with multiple clinical signs had significantly higher rabies positive testing result than those reported with single clinical sign (p < 0.001). The result suggested the importance of avoiding aggressive terrestrial wild animals and giving additional attention to pets with multiple clinical signs.
Keywords: raccoon rabies variant virus (RRV); clinical signs; rabid animals; aggression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Werner, B.G.; Smole, S.; Pani, V.; Han, L.L. Signs Observed Among Animal Species Infected with Raccoon Rabies Variant Virus, Massachusetts, USA, 1992–2010. Animals 2011, 1, 396-401.

AMA Style

Wang X, Werner BG, Smole S, Pani V, Han LL. Signs Observed Among Animal Species Infected with Raccoon Rabies Variant Virus, Massachusetts, USA, 1992–2010. Animals. 2011; 1(4):396-401.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xingtai; Werner, Barbara G.; Smole, Sandra; Pani, Vasil; Han, Linda L. 2011. "Signs Observed Among Animal Species Infected with Raccoon Rabies Variant Virus, Massachusetts, USA, 1992–2010." Animals 1, no. 4: 396-401.

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