Cold-Active, Heterotrophic Bacteria from the Highly Oligotrophic Waters of Lake Vanda, Antarctica
AbstractThe permanently ice-covered lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica are distinctive ecosystems that consist strictly of microbial communities. In this study, water samples were collected from Lake Vanda, a stratified Dry Valley lake whose upper waters (from just below the ice cover to nearly 60 m) are highly oligotrophic, and used to establish enrichment cultures. Six strains of psychrotolerant, heterotrophic bacteria were isolated from lake water samples from a depth of 50 or 55 m. Phylogenetic analyses showed the Lake Vanda strains to be species of Nocardiaceae, Caulobacteraceae, Sphingomonadaceae, and Bradyrhizobiaceae. All Lake Vanda strains grew at temperatures near or below 0 °C, but optimal growth occurred from 18 to 24 °C. Some strains showed significant halotolerance, but no strains required NaCl for growth. The isolates described herein include cold-active species not previously reported from Dry Valley lakes, and their physiological and phylogenetic characterization broadens our understanding of these limnologically unique lakes. View Full-Text
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Vander Schaaf, N.A.; Cunningham, A.M.G.; Cluff, B.P.; Kraemer, C.K.; Reeves, C.L.; Riester, C.J.; Slater, L.K.; Madigan, M.T.; Sattley, W.M. Cold-Active, Heterotrophic Bacteria from the Highly Oligotrophic Waters of Lake Vanda, Antarctica. Microorganisms 2015, 3, 391-406.
Vander Schaaf NA, Cunningham AMG, Cluff BP, Kraemer CK, Reeves CL, Riester CJ, Slater LK, Madigan MT, Sattley WM. Cold-Active, Heterotrophic Bacteria from the Highly Oligotrophic Waters of Lake Vanda, Antarctica. Microorganisms. 2015; 3(3):391-406.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vander Schaaf, Nicole A.; Cunningham, Anna M.G.; Cluff, Brandon P.; Kraemer, CodyJo K.; Reeves, Chelsea L.; Riester, Carli J.; Slater, Lauren K.; Madigan, Michael T.; Sattley, W. M. 2015. "Cold-Active, Heterotrophic Bacteria from the Highly Oligotrophic Waters of Lake Vanda, Antarctica." Microorganisms 3, no. 3: 391-406.