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Microorganisms 2013, 1(1), 58-70; doi:10.3390/microorganisms1010058

The Genus Neoceratium (Planktonic Dinoflagellates) as a Potential Indicator of Ocean Warming

1
Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Villefranche Oceanographic Laboratory, BP 28, 06234 Villefranche-sur-Mer cedex, France
2
CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), Marine Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry Group, Villefranche Oceanographic Laboratory, BP 28, 06234 Villefranche-sur-Mer cedex, France
3
ARVAM (Agence pour la Recherche et la VAlorisation Marines), C/o CYROI., 2 Rue Maxime Rivière, 97490 Sainte Clotilde, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2013 / Revised: 25 September 2013 / Accepted: 10 October 2013 / Published: 25 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biology of Dinoflagellates: Advances in the Last 25 Years (1987-2012))
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Abstract

Among the planktonic dinoflagellates, the species-rich genus Neoceratium has particularly remarkable features that include its easily recognizable outline and large size. This ubiquitous genus shows consistent presence in all plankton samples and has been a model for numerous studies since the end of the 19th century. It has already been described as a good candidate to monitor water masses and describe ocean circulation. We argue that the sensitivity displayed by Neoceratium to water temperature also makes it relevant as an indicator of ocean warming. The advantages and interests of using Neoceratium species to monitor climate change on a large scale are reassessed in view of recent advances in understanding their biology and ecology.
Keywords: Neoceratium; Ceratium; ocean warming; dinoflagellate; biological indicator Neoceratium; Ceratium; ocean warming; dinoflagellate; biological indicator
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Tunin-Ley, A.; Lemée, R. The Genus Neoceratium (Planktonic Dinoflagellates) as a Potential Indicator of Ocean Warming. Microorganisms 2013, 1, 58-70.

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