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Actuators 2016, 5(4), 26; doi:10.3390/act5040026

Homopolar Permanent-Magnet-Biased Actuators and Their Application in Rotational Active Magnetic Bearing Systems

Calnetix Technologies LLC, 16323 Shoemaker Av., Cerritos, CA 90703, USA
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Academic Editor: Eric H. Maslen
Received: 4 November 2016 / Revised: 8 December 2016 / Accepted: 14 December 2016 / Published: 16 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Magnetic Bearing Actuators)

Abstract

Active Magnetic Bearings (AMBs) are already widely used in rotating machinery and continue to gain popularity due to the ever-present push to higher rotational speeds and decreasing prices of associated electronic components. They offer several advantages over conventional mechanical bearings including non-contact rotor support (thus eliminating mechanical wear and the need for lubricants), ability to tune bearing parameters through software for optimum machine performance, remote monitoring and health diagnostic, etc. In some applications, such as in a vacuum or in aggressive environments, they are often the only viable solution. An electromagnetic actuator, along with a position sensor and control electronics, is a key component of AMBs. While there is a variety of actuator designs described in the literature, most of the AMBs built commercially use heteropolar radial electrical actuators in combination with a dedicated electrically-biased axial actuators. On the contrary, since its inception in 1998, Calnetix Technologies mainly uses homopolar permanent magnet (PM)-biased radial actuators along with a homopolar PM-biased combination radial/axial actuators. In this paper, we provide an overview of the research we have done over the last 15 years in this area focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of this approach and explaining why we have made certain design choices. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic actuators; Active Magnetic Bearings; permanent magnets; rotating machinery; rotordynamics electromagnetic actuators; Active Magnetic Bearings; permanent magnets; rotating machinery; rotordynamics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Filatov, A.; Hawkins, L.; McMullen, P. Homopolar Permanent-Magnet-Biased Actuators and Their Application in Rotational Active Magnetic Bearing Systems. Actuators 2016, 5, 26.

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