Next Article in Journal
Modeling of a Dielectric Elastomer Bender Actuator
Previous Article in Journal
Novel Additive Manufacturing Pneumatic Actuators and Mechanisms for Food Handling Grippers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Robust Force Control of Series Elastic Actuators
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Actuators 2014, 3(3), 226-244;

Bioinspired Soft Actuation System Using Shape Memory Alloys

The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, Pontedera (PI) 56025, Italy
Center for Micro-Biorobotics@SSSA, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, Pontedera 56025, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2013 / Revised: 6 June 2014 / Accepted: 1 July 2014 / Published: 9 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soft Actuators)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [897 KB, uploaded 9 July 2014]   |  


Soft robotics requires technologies that are capable of generating forces even though the bodies are composed of very light, flexible and soft elements. A soft actuation mechanism was developed in this work, taking inspiration from the arm of the Octopus vulgaris, specifically from the muscular hydrostat which represents its constitutive muscular structure. On the basis of the authors’ previous works on shape memory alloy (SMA) springs used as soft actuators, a specific arrangement of such SMA springs is presented, which is combined with a flexible braided sleeve featuring a conical shape and a motor-driven cable. This robot arm is able to perform tasks in water such as grasping, multi-bending gestures, shortening and elongation along its longitudinal axis. The whole structure of the arm is described in detail and experimental results on workspace, bending and grasping capabilities and generated forces are presented. Moreover, this paper demonstrates that it is possible to realize a self-contained octopus-like robotic arm with no rigid parts, highly adaptable and suitable to be mounted on underwater vehicles. Its softness allows interaction with all types of objects with very low risks of damage and limited safety issues, while at the same time producing relatively high forces when necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: soft robotics; soft actuators; soft manipulator; shape memory alloy; muscular hydrostat soft robotics; soft actuators; soft manipulator; shape memory alloy; muscular hydrostat

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cianchetti, M.; Licofonte, A.; Follador, M.; Rogai, F.; Laschi, C. Bioinspired Soft Actuation System Using Shape Memory Alloys. Actuators 2014, 3, 226-244.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Actuators EISSN 2076-0825 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top