Comparing the Folds of Prions and Other Pathogenic Amyloids
AbstractPathogenic amyloids are the main feature of several neurodegenerative disorders, such as Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. High resolution structures of tau paired helical filaments (PHFs), amyloid-β(1-42) (Aβ(1-42)) fibrils, and α-synuclein fibrils were recently reported using cryo-electron microscopy. A high-resolution structure for the infectious prion protein, PrPSc, is not yet available due to its insolubility and its propensity to aggregate, but cryo-electron microscopy, X-ray fiber diffraction, and other approaches have defined the overall architecture of PrPSc as a 4-rung β-solenoid. Thus, the structure of PrPSc must have a high similarity to that of the fungal prion HET-s, which is part of the fungal heterokaryon incompatibility system and contains a 2-rung β-solenoid. This review compares the structures of tau PHFs, Aβ(1-42), and α-synuclein fibrils, where the β-strands of each molecule stack on top of each other in a parallel in-register arrangement, with the β-solenoid folds of HET-s and PrPSc. View Full-Text
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Flores-Fernández, J.M.; Rathod, V.; Wille, H. Comparing the Folds of Prions and Other Pathogenic Amyloids. Pathogens 2018, 7, 50.
Flores-Fernández JM, Rathod V, Wille H. Comparing the Folds of Prions and Other Pathogenic Amyloids. Pathogens. 2018; 7(2):50.Chicago/Turabian Style
Flores-Fernández, José M.; Rathod, Vineet; Wille, Holger. 2018. "Comparing the Folds of Prions and Other Pathogenic Amyloids." Pathogens 7, no. 2: 50.
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