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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(3), 35; doi:10.3390/socsci7030035

An Exploratory Assessment of Community-Oriented Policing Implementation, Social Disorganization and Crime in America

School of Criminology & Criminal Justice, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
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Received: 9 October 2017 / Revised: 28 January 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
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Abstract

Prior research has examined the impact of community-oriented policing (COP) on crime extensively. While the implementation of community policing has been considered mainly within the context of large police agencies, there is a paucity of research on how COP impacts crime reduction efforts in smaller locales. This study explores the effects of the degree of community policing implementation within smaller agencies and cities on crime. As part of the discussion on the impact of COP implementation, this paper also considers the impact of social disorganization on crime in the United States. The aim is to gain further insight into what variables may be influencing crime rates in contexts that garner less attention from researchers. The findings indicate that COP implementation does not significantly explain the variation of crime rates. Still, the statistically significant results on several social disorganization factors reflect the need to incorporate social disorganization theory with practice in order to maximize community-policing success. The implications of these results for police practice as well as directions for future research are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: community policing; social disorganization; crime prevention; communities and crime community policing; social disorganization; crime prevention; communities and crime
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Przeszlowski, K.S.; Crichlow, V.J. An Exploratory Assessment of Community-Oriented Policing Implementation, Social Disorganization and Crime in America. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 35.

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