- freely available
Social Sciences 2017, 6(2), 64; doi:10.3390/socsci6020064
3. Results and Discussion
3.1. Women’s Status before Rape
3.1.1. Her Role as a Family and Community Member
3.1.2. Her Role as a Loyal Wife and Guardian of Sexual Morality
3.2. Survivors’ Status
3.3. Cross-Cultural Impact of Rape: A Comparison
3.4. Restoring Lost Self and Social Esteem: A Second Chance for Survivors
Rites of purification are performed by traditional chiefs or other guardians of traditions with the ability to restore the power of life (Tempels 1959, p. 22; Defour 1982, p. 124) over that of death threatening the wellbeing of survivors, their families and their communities. In addition to traditional rituals, survivors turn to faith leaders such as pastors and priests and hope for purification through prayers to God. Those who are Christians believe purification of defilement can be obtained through the blood of Christ (Maisha 2016, p. 201).I gave a hen, $20, a gallon of hot alcohol, traditional alcohol, Plantains, salt, and oil; I brought the whole thing to them, to the baraza [Council of Elders]. They then invited families from the neighborhood; even passers-by were curious: ‘What is happening?’ They asked. ‘They are talking about the situation of the woman who was kidnapped in the forest by the militia; that is what they are talking about, so that the woman can live in all dignity again’ (Maisha 2016, p. 163), they were told.
Conflicts of Interest
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- 1This is due to the fact that the state of defilement which results from transgressing a sexual taboo is contagious from the aggressor to the victim and beyond; any contact with the defiled leads to defilement.
- 2According to Charmaz, data saturation is reached when new data adds nothing more/significant to the analysis (Kathy 2006).
- 3Dr. Maisha and Dr. Joulain were colleagues when this research project was conducted, they both agreed to exchange inter coding services on each other’s projects.
- 6The news outlet reported a decrease by 25% of overall number of rape cases reported to tribunals, and 34% decrease of reported cases where the perpetrators were military personnel (Radio Okapi 2016).
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