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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(2), 40; doi:10.3390/socsci6020040

The Influence of Women Legislators on State Health Care Spending for the Poor

1
Department of Political Science, Thiel College, Greenville, PA 16125, USA
2
Department of Political Science, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nancy Naples
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 8 April 2017 / Published: 16 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women, Gender and Politics: An International Overview)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [255 KB, uploaded 16 April 2017]

Abstract

In the realm of representational politics, research exploring the relationship between descriptive representation and substantive representation is conflicted with some scholars finding policy outcomes influenced by the presence of women in office and others displaying a complicated or null relationship. We enter the discussion by investigating the effect of increased representation of women across state legislatures on state health care spending for poor children, the disabled, and elders, issues which disproportionately affect women. Using a 50-state dataset spanning from 1999 to 2009 we find that spending is indeed more generous when the number of women representatives is substantial, regardless of party. This generosity, however, is conditional upon the presence of considerable aggregate need. The findings suggest that contextual factors must be considered when exploring the influence of women on policy outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; group interests; descriptive representation; substantive representation; health care; Medicaid spending; state spending gender; group interests; descriptive representation; substantive representation; health care; Medicaid spending; state spending
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Courtemanche, M.; Green, J.C. The Influence of Women Legislators on State Health Care Spending for the Poor. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 40.

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