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Soc. Sci. 2016, 5(1), 8; doi:10.3390/socsci5010008

Transnationalism: A Vehicle for Settlement and Incorporation of Muslim Iraqi Turkoman Forced Migrants in Sydney

School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
Academic Editor: Martin J. Bull
Received: 25 December 2015 / Revised: 2 February 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 5 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [188 KB, uploaded 5 February 2016]

Abstract

Based on a qualitative study of eight “less visible” Muslim Iraqi Turkoman immigrants in a multicultural Sydney, this article highlights the dynamic nature of immigrant identity that is constructed of multiple ethno-communal identities. This article explores the significance of transnational activities, due to readily available communication technologies, and how this allows Muslim Iraqi Turkoman immigrants not only to hold multiple identities, but also move and mix in societies with plural ethno-religious communities, such as Sydney. Through a transnational lens and the use of qualitative study, this article looks at how Muslim Iraqi Turkoman forced migrants have engaged in identity reproduction and settlement in Sydney, and how their experiences compare with the utopic dream of a “multicultural Australia”. The key findings in this article show that: firstly, “less visible” Muslim Iraqi Turkoman ethnic minority usually finds it difficult to self-define their identity, and often uses nation states as point of reference; secondly, Islamophobic attacks affect feelings of belongingness to the larger Australian society; thirdly, maintaining home culture promotes feelings of belongingness to Australia. View Full-Text
Keywords: transnationalism; Iraqi Turkoman; Muslim; migration; integration; incorporation; settlement; ethnic minority; identity; culture transnationalism; Iraqi Turkoman; Muslim; migration; integration; incorporation; settlement; ethnic minority; identity; culture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Karim, F. Transnationalism: A Vehicle for Settlement and Incorporation of Muslim Iraqi Turkoman Forced Migrants in Sydney. Soc. Sci. 2016, 5, 8.

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