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Buildings 2018, 8(8), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8080095

Potential of Thermal Energy Storage Using Coconut Oil for Air Temperature Control

1
Building Technology Research Group, SAPPK, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
2
Physics Department, FMIPA, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2018 / Revised: 14 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
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Abstract

The role of thermal mass in indoor air-cooling during the day is a common area of study, which is particularly relevant for an era characterized by energy crises. Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies for application in rooms and buildings are not well developed. This study focuses on the use of coconut oil (co_oil) as a temperature control agent for room air conditioning systems in tropical countries such as Indonesia, given its capability to store large amounts of heat at temperatures around its melting point. Heat exchange studies between co_oil and the air environment were performed by considering three factors: Temperature difference between co_oil and the air environment, the heat absorption behavior and the release of co_oil, and the mass of co_oil required to have a significant effect. The co_oil cell sizes were formulated as responses to natural day and night air temperature profiles, while the performance of the co_oil mass for decreasing room air temperature was predicted using a thermal chamber. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal energy storage (TES); temperature control agents; coconut oil; solid–liquid phase transition thermal energy storage (TES); temperature control agents; coconut oil; solid–liquid phase transition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wonorahardjo, S.; Sutjahja, I.M.; Kurnia, D.; Fahmi, Z.; Putri, W.A. Potential of Thermal Energy Storage Using Coconut Oil for Air Temperature Control. Buildings 2018, 8, 95.

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