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Buildings 2018, 8(7), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8070092

Whole Life-Cycle Ecological Footprint of Rural Existing Houses in Northern China

1
Laboratory of Building Technology, School of Architecture and Fine Art, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
2
School of Civil Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 24 June 2018 / Accepted: 28 June 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
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Abstract

To solve the increasing contradiction between the living environment and residential energy consumption in rural areas, it is urgent to alter the traditional living mode and create a new living pattern with a pleasant environment. Based on the theory of ecological footprint, in this article we compare the whole life-cycle ecological footprint between the northern rural house with various energy-saving measures and the urban multi-layer residence with only external wall thermal-insulation as the energy-saving measure. The results show that the sustainability of the multi-layer residence is obviously superior to the rural house. Therefore, rural house designers should learn the multi-layer residential design strategies, construction methods, and operation modes to reduce the unnecessary waste of the energy and resources. Through centralized planning, construction, and heating systems, the multi-level residence is conducive to sustainable human development. The study provides relevant theoretical support for low-carbon house construction in village areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological footprint; residential and environmental sustainability; whole life-cycle; rural existing houses ecological footprint; residential and environmental sustainability; whole life-cycle; rural existing houses
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, M.; Zhang, B.; Ren, J.; Lian, C.; Yuan, J.; Hao, Q. Whole Life-Cycle Ecological Footprint of Rural Existing Houses in Northern China. Buildings 2018, 8, 92.

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