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Buildings 2018, 8(4), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8040056

Thermal Comfort Analyses of Secondary School Students in the Tropics

1
Department of Architecture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
2
School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4215, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 1 April 2018 / Accepted: 7 April 2018 / Published: 10 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Factors in Green Building)
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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the thermal comfort level of students in secondary schools in the tropical city of Makassar. The analysis is carried out based on data surveyed from eight selected high schools. The study involved 1594 students in 48 classrooms. The recorded data includes personal data and measured environmental parameters. At the same time, students were asked to fill out questionnaires related to their thermal comfort levels. The surveyed classrooms showed high air temperatures. The air temperatures ranged from 28.2 °C in the morning to 33.6 °C in the midday. The radiant temperatures were similar to the air temperature, which indicated that the airflow speed was low. The only parameter that could meet the Indonesian national standard was relative humidity. However, many students still feel comfortable (−1 to +1) based on TSV (thermal sensation vote) and TCV (thermal comfort vote). Even though about 80% of respondents accepted this hot temperature, most of them preferred to have a decrease in the air temperature. Regarding the PMV (predicted mean vote), only about 23% respondents were predicted to feel slightly warm (+1). The regression analyses show that the neutral temperatures were 29.0 °C and 28.5 °C for TSV and TCV, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; natural ventilation; measurement; school classrooms; secondary school thermal comfort; natural ventilation; measurement; school classrooms; secondary school
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Hamzah, B.; Gou, Z.; Mulyadi, R.; Amin, S. Thermal Comfort Analyses of Secondary School Students in the Tropics. Buildings 2018, 8, 56.

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