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Buildings 2017, 7(4), 88; doi:10.3390/buildings7040088

Investigation of the Optical Performance of a Novel Planar Static PV Concentrator with Lambertian Rear Reflectors

1
Department of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
2
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
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Abstract

Due to the demands for energy saving and environmental conservation, the development of sustainable zero-carbon buildings has become an inevitable trend. Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) is a promising technology capable of producing clean electricity onsite and replacing conventional building materials. This paper designs and investigates the performance of a planar Lambertian reflector-based concentrating BIPV system. A comprehensive 3D ray-tracing simulation was applied to study the optical characteristics of the proposed module. It was found that when the geometric concentration ratio is 2.0, the optical efficiency of the investigated Concentrating Photovoltaics (CPV) module is 62.5% and the radiant flux received by the solar cells is about 1.4 times that of the counterpart module without solar concentrators. Through parametric analyses, it was concluded that the optical performance can be enhanced by selecting a suitable glass thickness and type, integrating the glazing cover with edge mirrors, adjusting the distance between the solar cells and improving the reflectivity of the Lambertian reflectors. Comparative analysis was also conducted for the CPV systems integrated with Lambertian and v-groove rear reflectors under different incident light angles, respectively. It was confirmed that the system integrated with Lambertian rear reflectors shows less angular dependence. View Full-Text
Keywords: CPV; Lambertian; ray-tracing; optical efficiency CPV; Lambertian; ray-tracing; optical efficiency
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, X.; Wu, Y.; Hou, X.; Liu, H. Investigation of the Optical Performance of a Novel Planar Static PV Concentrator with Lambertian Rear Reflectors. Buildings 2017, 7, 88.

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