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Buildings 2017, 7(1), 6; doi:10.3390/buildings7010006

Performance Evaluation of Well-Insulated Versions of Contemporary Wall Systems—A Case Study of London for a Warmer Climate

Architecture and Design, Southampton Solent University, East Park Terrace, Southampton, SO14 0YN, UK
Academic Editor: Cinzia Buratti
Received: 19 November 2016 / Revised: 27 December 2016 / Accepted: 4 January 2017 / Published: 11 January 2017
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Climate change and its consequences are of a great concern and the likely increasing temperature would add more dilemmas for the choice of passive design options. The performance of building envelopes is one of the key determinants of energy use and thermal comfort. This research presents an evaluation of commonly used construction systems (lightweight and heavyweight) with different levels of thermal mass. The performance of different construction combinations is quantified on the basis of their impact on thermal comfort and energy consumption for current and future time slices in London, UK where climate change impact is expected to be extreme. A flat model is examined as a case study to model the performance of the construction systems with low, medium and high level of thermal mass. The dynamic thermal simulation software used was DesignBuilder, which employs EnergyPlus as its calculation engine. In essence, this study establishes a new approach for assessing the performance of well-insulated contemporary construction systems on the basis of overall annual thermal comfort hours and energy consumption. Results indicate limited advantage of heavyweight construction systems in a changing climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal mass; thermal comfort; climate change; energy consumption thermal mass; thermal comfort; climate change; energy consumption

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sajjadian, S.M. Performance Evaluation of Well-Insulated Versions of Contemporary Wall Systems—A Case Study of London for a Warmer Climate. Buildings 2017, 7, 6.

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