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Buildings 2017, 7(1), 24; doi:10.3390/buildings7010024

Bioclimatic Analysis in Pre‐Design Stage of Passive  House in Indonesia

1
Industrial Engineering Department, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, JL RS Fatmawati, Pondok Labu, Jakarta Selatan 12450, Indonesia
2
Architecture and Civil Engineering Department, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, 1‐1 Hibarigaoka, Tenpaku Cho, Toyohashi‐shi 441‐8580 Japan
3
Industrial Engineering Department, Andalas University, Fakultas Teknik, Kampus Limau Manis, Padang 25163, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adrian Pitts
Received: 14 October 2016 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 10 March 2017
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the climate characteristics of Indonesian regions using an Olgyay Bioclimatic chart, a Givoni–Milne Bioclimatic chart and a Mahoney Table as the pre‐design stage in the development of a passive house design standard for residential house construction in Indonesia. Jakarta was the city chosen for deep analysis, because it represents most of the Indonesian regions in terms of temperature and relative humidity. The Olgyay Bioclimatic chart showed that the climate needs a high wind velocity to counteract the vapor pressure and shading in order to reduce solar gain entering the building. The Givoni–Milne Bioclimatic chart proposed natural ventilation and shading devices, while the Mahoney Table recommends open spaces for protection against hot wind, rooms single‐banked and permanent provision for air movement. The composite size of the opening at body height is better to allow the wind to counter the high levels of humidity and temperature. Heavy walls and roofs are suggested, as well as the provision of protection devices for the high amount of rainfall. Energy simulation was also done to investigate the effectiveness of the passive strategy proposed by the bioclimatic analysis. These results give a contribution as the indispensable basis for the development of a passive house standard in Indonesia. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal comfort; passive design; Olgyay Bioclimatic chart; Givoni–Milne Bioclimatic  chart; Mahoney Table; energy simulation thermal comfort; passive design; Olgyay Bioclimatic chart; Givoni–Milne Bioclimatic  chart; Mahoney Table; energy simulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Santy; Matsumoto, H.; Tsuzuki, K.; Susanti, L. Bioclimatic Analysis in Pre‐Design Stage of Passive  House in Indonesia. Buildings 2017, 7, 24.

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