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Buildings 2015, 5(2), 700-714; doi:10.3390/buildings5020700

Climate Change Mitigation through Energy Benchmarking in the GCC Green Buildings Codes

Gulf Organisation for Research and Development (GORD), Qatar Science and Technology Park (QSTP), P.O. Box 210162, Doha, Qatar
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Academic Editor: David Dernie
Received: 7 April 2015 / Accepted: 26 May 2015 / Published: 5 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buildings, Design and Climate Change)
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Abstract

It is well known that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) of countries resides at or close to the top of the global table of CO2 emissions per capita and its economy relies heavily on its fossil fuels. This provides a context for green building programs that initially aim to create an understanding of emission pathways within the GCC and hence develop approaches to their reduction in the built environment. A set of criteria will allow specific analysis to be undertaken linked to the spatial dimensions of the sector under study. In this paper, approaches to modelling energy consumption and CO2 emissions are presented. As investment in the built environment continues, natural resources dwindle and the cost of energy increases, delivering low-energy buildings will become mandatory. In this study, a hybrid modelling approach (bottom-top & top-bottom) is presented. Energy benchmarks are developed for different buildings’ uses and compared with international standards. The main goals are to establish design benchmarks and develop a modelling tool that contains specific information for all buildings types (existing and new), as well as planned and projected growths within the various city districts, then integrate this database within a geospatial information system that will allow us to answer a range of “what-if”-type questions about various intervention strategies, emissions savings, and acceptability of pre-defined course of actions in the city sector under consideration. The spatial carbon intensity may be adjusted over a certain period, (e.g., through local generation (microgeneration)) or due to an increasing proportion of lower carbon-energy in the generation mix and this can be related to the sector and city overall consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; carbon emissions; GSAS; green buildings; energy benchmarking climate change; carbon emissions; GSAS; green buildings; energy benchmarking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alhorr, Y.; Elsarrag, E. Climate Change Mitigation through Energy Benchmarking in the GCC Green Buildings Codes. Buildings 2015, 5, 700-714.

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