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Construction Delay Analysis Techniques—A Review of Application Issues and Improvement Needs
Buildings 2013, 3(3), 532-544; doi:10.3390/buildings3030532

Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall

1,* , 1
1 Glenn Department of Civil Engineering, Clemson University, 310A Lowry Hall Box 340911, Clemson, SC 29634, USA 2 RMS Risk Management Solutions, Newark, CA 94560, USA 3 Barrels of Hope, Gainesville, FL 32601, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2013 / Revised: 3 July 2013 / Accepted: 22 July 2013 / Published: 7 August 2013
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Earthbag construction is a sustainable, low-cost, housing option for developing countries. Earthbag structures are built of individual soil-filled fabric bags (i.e., sand bags) stacked in a running bond pattern. Once stacked, earthbags are compacted and the soil inside the bags is dried in-place to form earthen bricks. Barbed wires are placed between each course to affect shear transfer within the wall. Results of an out-of-plane load test on a full-scale earthbag wall are presented in this paper. The wall was subjected to out-of-plane pressure up to 3.16 kPa, which resulted in plastic deformations up to 50 mm. The wall did not collapse during loading. Wall behavior and force transfer mechanisms are discussed.
Keywords: earthbag; housing; sustainable construction; adobe; earthen construction; wind earthbag; housing; sustainable construction; adobe; earthen construction; wind
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ross, B.E.; Willis, M.; Datin, P.; Scott, R. Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall. Buildings 2013, 3, 532-544.

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