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Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall
Glenn Department of Civil Engineering, Clemson University, 310A Lowry Hall Box 340911, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
RMS Risk Management Solutions, Newark, CA 94560, USA
Barrels of Hope, Gainesville, FL 32601, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2013; in revised form: 3 July 2013 / Accepted: 22 July 2013 / Published: 7 August 2013
Abstract: Earthbag construction is a sustainable, low-cost, housing option for developing countries. Earthbag structures are built of individual soil-filled fabric bags (i.e., sand bags) stacked in a running bond pattern. Once stacked, earthbags are compacted and the soil inside the bags is dried in-place to form earthen bricks. Barbed wires are placed between each course to affect shear transfer within the wall. Results of an out-of-plane load test on a full-scale earthbag wall are presented in this paper. The wall was subjected to out-of-plane pressure up to 3.16 kPa, which resulted in plastic deformations up to 50 mm. The wall did not collapse during loading. Wall behavior and force transfer mechanisms are discussed.
Keywords: earthbag; housing; sustainable construction; adobe; earthen construction; wind
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ross, B.E.; Willis, M.; Datin, P.; Scott, R. Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall. Buildings 2013, 3, 532-544.
Ross BE, Willis M, Datin P, Scott R. Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall. Buildings. 2013; 3(3):532-544.
Ross, Brandon E.; Willis, Michael; Datin, Peter; Scott, Ryan. 2013. "Wind Load Test of Earthbag Wall." Buildings 3, no. 3: 532-544.