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An Introduction to the Methodology of Earthquake Resistant Structures of Uniform Response
MGA Structural Engineering Inc., 111 N. Jackson Street Glendale, CA 91206, USA
URS Corporation, 915 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90017, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2011; in revised form: 22 March 2012 / Accepted: 24 April 2012 / Published: 2 May 2012
Abstract: Structures of Uniform Response are special earthquake resistant frames in which members of similar groups such as beams, columns and braces of similar nature share the same demand-capacity ratios regardless of their location within the group. The fundamental idea behind this presentation is that seismic structural response is largely a function of design and construction, rather than analysis. Both strength and stiffness are induced rather than investigated. Failure mechanisms and stability conditions are enforced rather than tested. Structures of Uniform Response are expected to sustain relatively large inelastic displacements during major earthquakes. A simple technique has been proposed to control and address the gradual softening of such structures due to local/partial instabilities and formation of plastic hinges. In structures of uniform response, the magnitude and shape of distribution of lateral forces affects the distribution of story stiffness in proportion with story moments, therefore affecting the dynamic behavior of the system as a whole. Simple closed form formulae describing the nonlinear behavior of moment frames of uniform response have been proposed. While the scope of this contribution is limited to moment frames, the proposed method can successfully be extended to all types of recognized earthquake resisting systems.
Keywords: earthquake resistant frames; structural instability; plastic analysis; stiffness degradation; sequential hinging; energy equivalency; drift control; period analysis
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Grigorian, M.; Grigorian, C.E. An Introduction to the Methodology of Earthquake Resistant Structures of Uniform Response. Buildings 2012, 2, 107-125.
Grigorian M, Grigorian CE. An Introduction to the Methodology of Earthquake Resistant Structures of Uniform Response. Buildings. 2012; 2(2):107-125.
Grigorian, Mark; Grigorian, Carl E. 2012. "An Introduction to the Methodology of Earthquake Resistant Structures of Uniform Response." Buildings 2, no. 2: 107-125.