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Metals 2018, 8(8), 645; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8080645

Interfacial Characterization and Bonding Properties of Copper/Aluminum Clad Sheets Processed by Horizontal Twin-Roll Casting, Multi-Pass Rolling, and Annealing

1
School of Physical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
2
School of Material Science and Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center of Nonferrous Metals, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 16 August 2018
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Abstract

The copper/aluminum (Cu/Al) clad sheets were produced on a horizontal twin-roll caster and then were multi-pass rolled and annealed. The thickness of the as-cast clad sheet was 8 mm. Rolling was performed with total reductions of 12.5%, 25%, 37.5%, 50%, and 62.5%, separately. The effects of the rolling and annealing processes on the interface and peel strength of the Cu/Al clad sheets were investigated. The evolution of the interface and crack propagation were studied. The interface thickness of the as-cast clad sheet reached 9 μm to 10 μm. The average peel strength (APS) was only 9 N/mm. After multi-pass rolling, the peel strength first slightly increased and then gradually decreased with the increase of the rolling pass number. After annealing, the peel strength remarkably improved. The APS reached 25 N/mm when the rolled thickness was 7 mm. The improvement in the peel strength was due to the following three factors: (1) mechanical locking formed in the Cu/Al direct contact region after rolling, (2) the region of the Al matrix fracture, and (3) mechanical biting from the Cu/Al direct contact region. View Full-Text
Keywords: clad sheet; horizontal twin-roll casting; multi-pass rolling clad sheet; horizontal twin-roll casting; multi-pass rolling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mao, Z.; Xie, J.; Wang, A.; Wang, W.; Ma, D. Interfacial Characterization and Bonding Properties of Copper/Aluminum Clad Sheets Processed by Horizontal Twin-Roll Casting, Multi-Pass Rolling, and Annealing. Metals 2018, 8, 645.

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