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Metals 2017, 7(9), 331; doi:10.3390/met7090331

Application of the Constitutive Model in Finite Element Simulation: Predicting the Flow Behavior for 5754 Aluminum Alloy during Hot Working

1
Light Alloy Research Institute, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of High-performance Complicated Manufacturing, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
3
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2017 / Revised: 22 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
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Abstract

The flow behavior of 5754 aluminum alloy was researched using the plane strain compression test for the range of 300–500 °C and 0.1–10 s−1. The experimental flow curves acquired directly from Gleeble-3500 show that deformation parameters have a significant effect on the flow curves. All curves show a broad peak due to the dynamic softening after the work hardening. In addition, the flow curves display a slight downward trend after reaching the peak stress at low and medium strain rates. This softening mechanism has been further investigated by the work hardening rate and the results show that the flow characteristics of 5754 aluminum alloy are mainly controlled by the mechanism of competition between hardening, dynamic recovery and continuous dynamic recrystallization. Based on the corrected true strain-stress curves, the constitutive model of the corresponding softening mechanism has been established by a linear regression method. Then, the developed model was embedded in the finite element (FE) analysis software (ABAQUS) by encoding the UHARD subroutine and the hot compression process of the alloy was simulated and analyzed. The simulation results show that the sample has an uneven flow in the deformation zone, which is consistent with the grain morphology of the corresponding region of the test sample. In addition, the simulated load-stroke values were well fitted to the experimental data. The predictive ability of the model was quantified by statistical indicators. It emerged that the FE of the embedded constitutive model effectively simulates the hot working process of 5754 aluminum alloy, which has reference value for actual processing. View Full-Text
Keywords: hot compression; flow behavior; dynamic softening; constitutive model; finite element; subroutine hot compression; flow behavior; dynamic softening; constitutive model; finite element; subroutine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, C.-Q.; Liu, L.-L. Application of the Constitutive Model in Finite Element Simulation: Predicting the Flow Behavior for 5754 Aluminum Alloy during Hot Working. Metals 2017, 7, 331.

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