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Metals 2017, 7(6), 199; doi:10.3390/met7060199

Effects of Experimental Parameters on the Extraction of Silica and Carbonation of Blast Furnace Slag at Atmospheric Pressure in Low-Concentration Acetic Acid

Climate Change Mitigation and Sustainability Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Gwahang-no 124, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
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Academic Editor: Kyoungkeun Yoo
Received: 26 April 2017 / Revised: 21 May 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 30 May 2017
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Abstract

Blast furnace slag (BFS), a calcium-rich industrial byproduct, has been utilized since 2005 as a mineral carbonation feedstock for CO2 sequestration, producing calcium carbonate precipitates. In this study, the conditions for the dissolution of Ca and Si in acetic acid, and subsequent carbonation, were elaborated. For this purpose, the retardation of the polymerization of silicon was attempted by varying the concentration of acetic acid, temperature, and leaching time. An inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis revealed that both the Ca and Si dissolved completely within 30 min in 5% acetic acid at room temperature. This high dissolution value can be attributed to the fact that Ca was bound to O rather than to Si, as determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The use of CO2-absorbed monoethanolamine enabled the complete carbonation of BFS at ambient conditions without the need for a pH swing. The presence of dissolved silica was found to affect the polymorphs of the precipitated CaCO3. We believe that this process offers a simple method for manipulating the composites of products obtained by mineral carbonation diminishing the leaching residues. View Full-Text
Keywords: blast furnace slag (BFS); mineral carbonation; acetic acid; calcium carbonate; dissolved silica blast furnace slag (BFS); mineral carbonation; acetic acid; calcium carbonate; dissolved silica
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, K.; Park, S.; Kim, W.; Jeon, C.W.; Ahn, J.-W. Effects of Experimental Parameters on the Extraction of Silica and Carbonation of Blast Furnace Slag at Atmospheric Pressure in Low-Concentration Acetic Acid. Metals 2017, 7, 199.

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