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Metals 2017, 7(3), 72; doi:10.3390/met7030072

Effects of EMS Induced Flow on Solidification and Solute Transport in Bloom Mold

The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
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Academic Editor: Mohsen Asle Zaeem
Received: 13 December 2016 / Revised: 11 February 2017 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
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Abstract

The flow, temperature, solidification, and solute concentration field in a continuous casting bloom mold were solved simultaneously by a multiphysics numerical model by considering the effect of in-mold electromagnetic stirring (M-EMS). The mold metallurgical differences between cases with and without EMS are discussed first, and then the solute transport model verified. Moreover, the effects of EMS current intensity on the metallurgical behavior in the bloom mold were also investigated. The simulated solute distributions were basically consistent with the test results. The simulations showed that M-EMS can apparently homogenize the initial solidified shell, liquid steel temperature, and solute element in the EMS effective zone. Meanwhile, the impingement effect of jet flow and molten steel superheat can be reduced, and the degree of negative segregation in the solidified shell at the mold corner alleviated from 0.74 to 0.78. However, the level fluctuation and segregation degree in the shell around the center of the wide and narrow sides were aggravated from 4.5 mm to 6.2 mm and from 0.84 to 0.738, respectively. With the rise of current intensity the bloom surface temperature, level fluctuation, stirring intensity, uniformity of molten steel temperature, and solute distribution also increased, while the growth velocity of the solidifying shell in the EMS effective zone declined and the solute mass fraction at the center of the computational outlet (z = 1.5 m) decreased. M-EMS with a current intensity of 600 A is more suitable for big bloom castings. View Full-Text
Keywords: continuous casting mold; flow pattern; solidification; solute transport; electromagnetic stirring continuous casting mold; flow pattern; solidification; solute transport; electromagnetic stirring
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Fang, Q.; Ni, H.; Wang, B.; Zhang, H.; Ye, F. Effects of EMS Induced Flow on Solidification and Solute Transport in Bloom Mold. Metals 2017, 7, 72.

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