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Metals 2017, 7(3), 104; doi:10.3390/met7030104

Improved Compressive, Damping and Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Response of Mg–3Al–2.5La Alloy Using Y2O3 Nano Reinforcement

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576, Singapore
2
Department of Mechanical engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, South Ambazari Road, Nagpur 440010, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daolun Chen
Received: 6 March 2017 / Revised: 9 March 2017 / Accepted: 14 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Matrix Composites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2796 KB, uploaded 21 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

In the present study, the effects of the addition of Y2O3 nanoparticles on Mg–3Al–2.5La alloy were investigated. Materials were synthesized using a disintegrated melt deposition technique followed by hot extrusion. The samples were then characterized for microstructure, compression properties, damping properties, CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion) and fracture morphology. The grain size of Mg–3Al–2.5La was significantly reduced by the addition of the Y2O3 nano-sized reinforcement (~3.6 μm, 43% of Mg–3Al–2.5La grain size). SEM and X-ray studies revealed that the size of uniformly distributed intermetallic phases, Al 11 La 3 , Al 2 La , and Al 2.12 La 0.88 reduced by the addition of Y2O3 to Mg–3Al–2.5La alloy. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) was slightly improved by the addition of nanoparticles. The results of the damping measurement revealed that the damping capacity of the Mg–3Al–2.5La alloy increased due to the presence of Y2O3. The compression results showed that the addition of Y2O3 to Mg–3Al–2.5La improved the compressive yield strength (from ~141 MPa to ~156 MPa) and the ultimate compressive strength (from ~456 MPa to ~520 MPa), which are superior than those of the Mg–3Al alloy (Compressive Yield Strength, CYS ~154 MPa and Ultimate Compressive Strength, UCS ~481 MPa). The results further revealed that there is no significant effect on the fracture strain value of Mg–3Al–2.5La due to the addition of Y2O3. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mg–Al–RE alloy; magnesium alloy; damping; Al11La3 phase; nanosize reinforcement; mechanical properties Mg–Al–RE alloy; magnesium alloy; damping; Al11La3 phase; nanosize reinforcement; mechanical properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, A.; Tun, K.S.; Kohadkar, A.D.; Gupta, M. Improved Compressive, Damping and Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Response of Mg–3Al–2.5La Alloy Using Y2O3 Nano Reinforcement. Metals 2017, 7, 104.

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