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Metals 2017, 7(10), 393; doi:10.3390/met7100393

Microstructural Evolution of Intermetallic Compound Formed in Boron Steel Hot-Dipped in Al–7%Ni Alloy

1
Department of Hybrid Materials & Machining Technology, Graduate School of Convergence Science, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
2
Department of Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2017 / Revised: 14 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
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Abstract

The microstructural evolution of the intermetallic compound (IMC) layer formed on and in boron steel that was hot dipped in an Al–7Ni (wt %) bath at 690 °C for 30–180 s was investigated, and the growth mechanism of the IMC was identified. Except for the solidification structure of Al, the reaction layer consisted of one layer on the steel surface and two layers in the steel interior. The reaction phase formed on the original surface of the steel was the Al9FeNi (T) phase, which has a monoclinic (space group: P21/c) crystal structure. The reaction phase formed from the T phase was the Fe2Al5 (η) phase, which is orthorhombic (space group: Cmcm). The variation in thickness of the η phase increased linearly with increasing dipping time, which is in accordance with the diffusion growth, a growth mechanism of the η phase in Al-coated pure Fe and low-carbon steels. The Fe3AlC (κ) phase (which had a band shape with a width of 100 nm) and a cubic system were formed along the interface between the Fe2Al5 (η) phase and the steel. View Full-Text
Keywords: hot-dipped coating; aluminized steel; Fe–Al–Ni intermetallics; advanced high-strength steel; microstructural evolution hot-dipped coating; aluminized steel; Fe–Al–Ni intermetallics; advanced high-strength steel; microstructural evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yun, J.-G.; Lee, J.-H.; Kwak, S.-Y.; Kang, C.-Y. Microstructural Evolution of Intermetallic Compound Formed in Boron Steel Hot-Dipped in Al–7%Ni Alloy. Metals 2017, 7, 393.

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