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Metals 2016, 6(7), 144; doi:10.3390/met6070144

Examination of Solubility Models for the Determination of Transition Metals within Liquid Alkali Metals

Nuclear Engineering Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Soran Birosca
Received: 1 February 2016 / Revised: 23 May 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 28 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Process-Structure-Property Relationships in Metals)

Abstract

The experimental solubility of transition metals in liquid alkali metal was compared to the modeled solubility calculated using various equations for solubility. These equations were modeled using the enthalpy calculations of the semi-empirical Miedema model and various entropy calculations. The accuracy of the predicted solubility compared to the experimental data is more dependent on which liquid alkali metal is being examined rather than the transition metal solute examined. For liquid lithium the calculated solubility by the model was generally larger than experimental values, while for liquid cesium the modeling solubility was significantly smaller than the experimental values. For liquid sodium, potassium, and rubidium the experimental solubilities were within the range calculated by this study. Few data approached the predicted temperature dependence of solubility and instead most data exhibited a less pronounced temperature dependence. View Full-Text
Keywords: solubility; liquid alkali; Miedema model solubility; liquid alkali; Miedema model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Isler, J.; Zhang, J. Examination of Solubility Models for the Determination of Transition Metals within Liquid Alkali Metals. Metals 2016, 6, 144.

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