Metals 2013, 3(4), 319-336; doi:10.3390/met3040319

Twinning Phenomena along and beyond the Bain Path

1,2,3,* email, 1,2email, 1email, 1,4email, 1,2email and 1,3email
Received: 24 July 2013; in revised form: 11 September 2013 / Accepted: 26 September 2013 / Published: 9 October 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Twinning is a phenomenon that occurs, e.g., during deformation, martensitic transformation and film growth. The present study shows that the crystallography of twinning can be described by two twinning modes along the complete Bain transformation path and beyond connecting body-centered and face-centered cubic structures. To probe this concept, we used strained epitaxial films of the Fe-Pd magnetic shape memory system. As the substrate acts as an absolute reference frame, we could show by pole figure measurements that all observed twinning can be a body-centered and face-centered cubic twinning mode. This continuously transforms towards identity when approaching the complementary structure.
Keywords: deformation twinning; transformation twinning; adaptive twinning; magnetic shape memory; Fe-Pd
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kauffmann-Weiss, S.; Kauffmann, A.; Niemann, R.; Freudenberger, J.; Schultz, L.; Fähler, S. Twinning Phenomena along and beyond the Bain Path. Metals 2013, 3, 319-336.

AMA Style

Kauffmann-Weiss S, Kauffmann A, Niemann R, Freudenberger J, Schultz L, Fähler S. Twinning Phenomena along and beyond the Bain Path. Metals. 2013; 3(4):319-336.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kauffmann-Weiss, Sandra; Kauffmann, Alexander; Niemann, Robert; Freudenberger, Jens; Schultz, Ludwig; Fähler, Sebastian. 2013. "Twinning Phenomena along and beyond the Bain Path." Metals 3, no. 4: 319-336.

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