Does Micro-Credit Empower Women through Self-Help Groups? Evidence from Punjab, Northern India
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to examine the question—‘Does income earned by members of women’s self-help groups (SHGs) through micro-credit programs empower them?’ The nature of the topic dictates the use of cross-sectional survey technique and comparative analysis to determine the levels of women empowerment before and after joining SHGs. A five-point Likert-type scale was developed, for which Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient was observed to be 0.824. The survey instrument contained four sections, namely, income and expenditure; savings and borrowing amounts; financial freedom; and, capacity building and awareness levels. A sample group consisting of 114 participants of SHGs responded to the survey instrument. The t-test results for mean values before and after joining SHGs showed a significant change in levels of women empowerment in all the four areas. The prime reason for this empowerment was joining SHGs and using micro-credit programmes. It becomes apparent from this research that joining SHGs, and consequently, getting access to financial services increased the ability of poor women to control their savings and generate income from their occupation. They also experienced a greater decision-making role in their families and in local society, enhanced levels of self-confidence, self-efficacy and self-esteem, and heightened freedom of mobility to increase business and social activities outside home. View Full-Text
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Esmaeil Zaei, M.; Kapil, P.; Pelekh, O.; Teimoury Nasab, A. Does Micro-Credit Empower Women through Self-Help Groups? Evidence from Punjab, Northern India. Societies 2018, 8, 48.
Esmaeil Zaei M, Kapil P, Pelekh O, Teimoury Nasab A. Does Micro-Credit Empower Women through Self-Help Groups? Evidence from Punjab, Northern India. Societies. 2018; 8(3):48.Chicago/Turabian Style
Esmaeil Zaei, Mansour; Kapil, Prachi; Pelekh, Olha; Teimoury Nasab, Azadeh. 2018. "Does Micro-Credit Empower Women through Self-Help Groups? Evidence from Punjab, Northern India." Societies 8, no. 3: 48.
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