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Societies 2018, 8(1), 18; doi:10.3390/soc8010018

Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c)

1
Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication ESHCC, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3000DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
Behavioural Science Institute BSI, Radboud University, 6503GG Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3
Amsterdam School of Communication Research ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, 1001NG Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 2 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
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Abstract

Research into children’s psychological well-being is scarce and fragmented. To be able to study the predictors of children’s psychological well-being and advance the field, a reliable and valid measure is needed. In studies among adults, psychological well-being (PWB) is commonly measured along six dimensions (environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life, self-acceptance, autonomy, and positive relations with others) using Ryff’s PWB scale. Because the original scale was too abstract for use among children, we adapted its items to make them suitable for 8- to 12-year-olds. After a successful pretest, we conducted a pilot study (N = 157) and main study (N = 1877) to test the statistical properties of our Psychological Well-Being scale for children (PWB-c). Based on confirmatory factor analysis three versions were developed with, respectively, 24, 12, and 6 items. All versions were tested for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity. We recommend using the 24- or 12-item versions of the scale, because they score high on all three criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological well-being; children; scale development; scale validation psychological well-being; children; scale development; scale validation
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Opree, S.J.; Buijzen, M.; van Reijmersdal, E.A. Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c). Societies 2018, 8, 18.

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