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Societies 2018, 8(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8010012

The Disablement Score: An Intersubjective Severity Scale of the Social Exclusion of Disabled People

Institute for Advanced Social Sciences, Waseda University, 1-6-1, Nishi-waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan
Received: 2 October 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Ability Expectation and Ableism Studies (Short Ability Studies))
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Abstract

If a disability is understood as a type of social exclusion, its severity can be gauged from the social aspect. Such measurement is necessary to explore the intersubjective structure of social exclusion associated with bodily functions and structures. This paper presents a sociological and statistical method to rate the severity of a disability as social exclusion. The method is modeled on the rating procedure of occupational prestige. According to this technique, people subjectively rate severity by answering a questionnaire. The ratings are converted into a score (the “disablement score”). The method is applied in a preliminary web survey. The reliability of the scale is examined. People evaluate various conditions very differently, with physical conditions with functional limitations rated as severe and disfigurements as mild. Although the result does not necessarily agree with the objective circumstances, it is meaningful in that it reflects people’s reactions and attitudes toward disabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: social exclusion/inclusion; disability statistics; occupational prestige social exclusion/inclusion; disability statistics; occupational prestige
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sakakibara, K. The Disablement Score: An Intersubjective Severity Scale of the Social Exclusion of Disabled People. Societies 2018, 8, 12.

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