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Societies 2017, 7(3), 19; doi:10.3390/soc7030019

“Self-Employed” in Caregivinghood: The Contribution of Swedish Informal Caregivers’ Environmental and Contextual Resistance Resources and Deficits

University West, Department of Health Sciences, Center on Salutogenesis, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden
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Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 14 July 2017 / Published: 21 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Informal caregivers provide the majority of care for older adults residing in their own homes. Caregivinghood, a new evidence-based concept, describes a time of life when relatives provide care at home. These caregivers need knowledge regarding resources to help them resolve the challenges they encounter. The theoretical framework underpinning this study is Antonovsky’s salutogenic theory of health. This study had two aims: (1) to examine the salutogenic core concepts Generalized and Specific Resistance Resources and Deficits (GRRs/SRRs and GRDs/SRDs) described by Swedish informal caregivers as originating from the environmental and contextual domain of caregivinghood and (2) to discuss how this new knowledge might contribute to the development of health promotion initiatives. This qualitative and theory driven study used inductive and deductive data analysis. Data were gathered through salutogenically guided face-to-face interviews of 32 Swedish informal caregivers. In addition, the study relied on the salutogenic core concepts Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources and Deficits originating from their environment and context. Being in empowering surroundings reflects the presence of usable SRRs/GRRs, whereas Struggling in impeding surroundings reflects the presence of SRDs/GRDs. The results indicate that health-enhancing support has to be individualized (SRRs/SRDs) and generalized (GRRs/GRDs). This study’s salutogenic approach and the methodology enhance the understanding of the mechanisms behind the development of Sense of Coherence. The results contribute both empirically and theoretically to strengthen health promotion research and practice when developing activities and support for caregivers in stressful situations, such as informal caregiving. View Full-Text
Keywords: caregivinghood; Generalized and Specific Resistance Resources; Generalized and Specific Resistance Deficits; home care; theory driven within-case and across-case analysis; salutogenesis; informal caregiver; caregiver support; qualitative caregivinghood; Generalized and Specific Resistance Resources; Generalized and Specific Resistance Deficits; home care; theory driven within-case and across-case analysis; salutogenesis; informal caregiver; caregiver support; qualitative
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Eriksson, M.; Wennerberg, M.M.T.; Lundgren, S.M.; Danielson, E. “Self-Employed” in Caregivinghood: The Contribution of Swedish Informal Caregivers’ Environmental and Contextual Resistance Resources and Deficits. Societies 2017, 7, 19.

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