Next Article in Journal
A Model of Successful School Leadership from the International Successful School Principalship Project
Next Article in Special Issue
Is Cyberbullying a Stand Alone Construct? Using Quantitative Analysis to Evaluate a 21st Century Social Question
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Parental Divorce on the Intergenerational Transmission of Crime
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dutch Cyberbullying Victims’ Experiences, Perceptions, Attitudes and Motivations Related to (Coping with) Cyberbullying: Focus Group Interviews
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Societies 2015, 5(1), 109-135; doi:10.3390/soc5010109

Traditional, Cyber and Combined Bullying Roles: Differences in Risky Online and Offline Activities

1
Department of Educational Studies, University of Bremen, Bibliothekstr. 1-3, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2
Industrial Engineering and Business Information Systems, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500-AE Enschede, The Netherland
3
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Muang, Pattani 94000, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Conor Mc Guckin and Lucie Corcoran
Received: 29 October 2014 / Revised: 11 December 2014 / Accepted: 12 February 2015 / Published: 16 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyberbullying: Where Are We Now? A Cross-National Understanding)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [279 KB, uploaded 16 February 2015]

Abstract

This study (1) reports frequency rates of mutually exclusive traditional, cyber and combined (both traditional and cyber) bullying roles; and (2) investigates whether adolescents belonging to particular bullying roles show higher levels of involvement in risky online activities (Compulsive Internet Use (CIU), online grooming victimization, and sexting) and risky offline activities (bad behavior in school, drinking alcohol and truancy) than non-involved adolescents. The sample comprised self-reports of 1928 German, Dutch and Thai adolescents (Age = 12–18; M = 14.52; SD = 1.6). The results revealed age, sex and country differences in bullying frequency rates. CIU, sending of sexts and risky offline activities were most strongly associated with combined bully-victims. The receiving of sexts was most strongly associated with combined bullies; and online grooming victimization was most strongly related to cyber bully-victims. Another important finding is that the associations between risky offline activities and combined bullying are stronger than for traditional and cyber bullying. The findings contribute to better understanding of the associations between varying bullying roles and risky online and offline activities among adolescents. In sum, the results underscore the need to promote life skills rather than adopting more conventional approaches, which focus almost exclusively on reduction of risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional bullying; cyberbullying; compulsive Internet use; online grooming; sexting; risky offline activities; life-skills traditional bullying; cyberbullying; compulsive Internet use; online grooming; sexting; risky offline activities; life-skills
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wachs, S.; Junger, M.; Sittichai, R. Traditional, Cyber and Combined Bullying Roles: Differences in Risky Online and Offline Activities. Societies 2015, 5, 109-135.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Societies EISSN 2075-4698 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top