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Sports 2017, 5(2), 24;

Metabolic Power of Female Footballers in Various Small-Sided Games with Different Pitch Surfaces and Sizes

IGOID Research Group, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
School of Sport Science, European University, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filipe Manuel Clemente
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 13 April 2017 / Published: 17 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Performance in Soccer)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [230 KB, uploaded 17 April 2017]


Small-sided-games (SSGs) seem to be a useful tool for replicating most types of scenarios found in sport competitions, but it is not that clear in female soccer. Game surface and pitch size seem to affect the intensity of SSGs, but no one has yet analysed the influence of these two variables together. The objective of this research was to analyse the metabolic power demands of various SSGs on possession play without goal-keepers, played on three different surfaces. Sixteen sub-elite female players performed three different four-a-side games (400 m2, 600 m2, and 800 m2) on three different surfaces (ground [GR]; natural grass [NG]; and artificial turf [AT]), recording a total of 96 events. Metabolic variables were recorded through a global positioning system (GPS). The GR condition obtained the lowest outputs for all variables in all of the SSGs. Furthermore, NG resulted in higher outcomes than AT for Average Metabolic Power (SSG 400 [+0.65; p = 0.019]; SSG 600 [+0.70; p = 0.04]); and equivalent distance (SSG 400 [+33.0; p = 0.02]; SSG 600 [+36.53; p = 0.04]). Moreover, SSG 400 obtained lower results than SSG 600 and SSG 800 for both AT and NG. In conclusion, playing on GR reduces the metabolic power of SSGs, While NG seems to be the most suitable surface for attaining highest metabolic responses for sub-elite female players. On the other hand, too big a pitch size may not increase the metabolic demands of the game. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial turf; four-a-side games; GPS; soccer; sports pavement artificial turf; four-a-side games; GPS; soccer; sports pavement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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López-Fernández, J.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Gallardo, L.; García-Unanue, J. Metabolic Power of Female Footballers in Various Small-Sided Games with Different Pitch Surfaces and Sizes. Sports 2017, 5, 24.

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