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Sports 2017, 5(1), 13; doi:10.3390/sports5010013

The Influence of Exercise Training on Quality of Life and Psychosocial Functioning in Children with Congenital Heart Disease:A Review of Intervention Studies

1
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Center Sophia Children’s Hospital, 3015CN Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
Department of Paediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center Sophia Children’s Hospital, 3015CN Rotterdam, The Netherlands
3
Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam/de Bascule, Academic Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1105AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paediatric Exercise Physiology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [189 KB, uploaded 13 February 2017]

Abstract

Children and adolescents operated upon for congenital heart disease may show reduced exercise capacity and physical activity, associated with lowered quality of life. This review presents intervention studies on the influence of an exercise program on quality of life and psychosocial functioning in children with severe congenital heart disease. Participation in an exercise program among young people with complex congenital heart disease seemed to have positive effects on quality of life and passive leisure time spent. However, more effects of the exercise programs may have been expected. For future research it is important to critically evaluate the content of the exercise programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: congenital heart disease; children; exercise; sports; quality of life; psychology congenital heart disease; children; exercise; sports; quality of life; psychology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dulfer, K.; Helbing, W.A.; Utens, E.M.W.J. The Influence of Exercise Training on Quality of Life and Psychosocial Functioning in Children with Congenital Heart Disease:A Review of Intervention Studies. Sports 2017, 5, 13.

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