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Sports 2016, 4(4), 55;

A Three-Dimensional Movement Analysis of the Spike in Fistball

Institute of Applied Educational Sciences, University of Luxembourg, Esch-s.-Alzette L-4365, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran
Institute of Sport Science, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg D-26129, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Received: 16 July 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 2 December 2016
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Due to its relevancy to point scoring, the spike is considered as one of the most important skills in fistball. Biomechanical analyses of this sport are very rare. In the present study, we performed a three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the fistball spike, which helps to specify performance parameters on a descriptive level. Recorded by four synchronized cameras (120 Hz) and linked to the motion capture software Simi Motion® 5.0, three female fistball players of the second German league (24–26 years, 1.63–1.69 m) performed several spikes under standardized conditions. Results show that the segment velocities of the arm reached their maximum successively from proximal to distal, following the principle of temporal coordination of single impulses. The wrist shows maximum speed when the fist hits the ball. The elbow joint angle performs a rapid transition from a strong flexion to a (almost) full extension; however, the extension is completed after the moment of ball impact. In contrast, the shoulder joint angle increases almost linearly until the fistball contact and decreases afterward. The findings can be used to optimize the training of the spike. View Full-Text
Keywords: movement analysis; biomechanics; fistball movement analysis; biomechanics; fistball

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Bund, A.; Ghorbani, S.; Rathjens, F. A Three-Dimensional Movement Analysis of the Spike in Fistball. Sports 2016, 4, 55.

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