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Sports 2016, 4(1), 10; doi:10.3390/sports4010010

Can Fundamental Movement Skill Mastery Be Increased via a Six Week Physical Activity Intervention to Have Positive Effects on Physical Activity and Physical Self-Perception?

1
London Sports Institute, Middlesex University, The Burroughs, London NW4 4BT, UK
2
Research Centre for Applied Biological and Exercise Sciences, Coventry University, Priory Street, Covenrty CV1 5FB, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Received: 15 September 2015 / Revised: 19 January 2016 / Accepted: 2 February 2016 / Published: 16 February 2016
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Abstract

Background: Previous research has suggested a positive relationship between fundamental movement skills (FMS) mastery and physical activity (PA) level. Research conducted on interventions to improve FMS mastery is equivocal and further research is needed. Methods: An intervention group of 82 children (35 boys and 47 girls) and a control group of 83 children (42 boys and 41 girls) were recruited from Years 4 and 5 (mean age ± SD = 8.3 ± 0.4 years) of two schools in Central England. The intervention included a combination of circuits and dancing to music. Pre and post intervention tests were conducted. Tests included: subjective assessment of eight FMS; objective measurement of two FMS; four day pedometer step count recording; height and mass for Body Mass Index (BMI); and the completion of Harter et al.’s (1982) self-perception questionnaire. Results: Following a two (pre to post) by two (intervention and control group) mixed-model ANOVA it was highlighted that the intervention group improved mastery in all eight FMS, and increased both daily steps and physical self-perception. Conclusions: It can be concluded that focussing one Physical Education (PE) lesson per week on the development of FMS has had a positive benefit on FMS, PA level and physical self-perception for the children in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: fundamental movement skills; children; physical activity; obesity; intervention fundamental movement skills; children; physical activity; obesity; intervention
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Bryant, E.S.; Duncan, M.J.; Birch, S.L.; James, R.S. Can Fundamental Movement Skill Mastery Be Increased via a Six Week Physical Activity Intervention to Have Positive Effects on Physical Activity and Physical Self-Perception? Sports 2016, 4, 10.

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