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Sports 2015, 3(2), 77-86;

A Retrospective Review from 2006 to 2011 of Lower Extremity Injuries in Badminton in New Zealand

1,†,* , 1,3,†
Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), School of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health and Environmental Science, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK
Accident Compensation Corporation, Wellington 6035, New Zealand
Institut Sukan Negara, National Sports Complex, National Sports Council, PO Box 10440, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur 50714, Malaysia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
Received: 8 March 2015 / Accepted: 6 June 2015 / Published: 12 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [107 KB, uploaded 15 June 2015]


Aim: To describe lower extremity injuries for badminton in New Zealand. Methods: Lower limb badminton injuries that resulted in claims accepted by the national insurance company Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) in New Zealand between 2006 and 2011 were reviewed. Results: The estimated national injury incidence for badminton injuries in New Zealand from 2006 to 2011 was 0.66%. There were 1909 lower limb badminton injury claims which cost NZ$2,014,337 (NZ$ value over 2006 to 2011). The age-bands frequently injured were 10–19 (22%), 40–49 (22%), 30–39 (14%) and 50–59 (13%) years. Sixty five percent of lower limb injuries were knee ligament sprains/tears. Males sustained more cruciate ligament sprains than females (75 vs. 39). Movements involving turning, changing direction, shifting weight, pivoting or twisting were responsible for 34% of lower extremity injuries. Conclusion: The knee was most frequently injured which could be due to multi-planar loading. Turning or cutting movements typically involve motion in the frontal and transverse planes that may place the knee at greater risk of injury than movement in the sagittal plane alone. Further research on badminton specific movements is warranted to better understand the mechanisms of lower extremity injuries in the sport. Sports medicine and support personnel should take into account the susceptibility of the knee to injury when designing training and injury prevention programmes given the large number of change of direction movements during badminton. View Full-Text
Keywords: badminton; injury; incidence; cost; body site; type; severity badminton; injury; incidence; cost; body site; type; severity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Reeves, J.; Hume, P.A.; Gianotti, S.; Wilson, B.; Ikeda, E. A Retrospective Review from 2006 to 2011 of Lower Extremity Injuries in Badminton in New Zealand. Sports 2015, 3, 77-86.

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