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Sports 2014, 2(2), 51-58; doi:10.3390/sports2020051

Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes

1
Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, ESEC, DE, Rua Dom João III, Solum, 3030-329 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, RoboCorp, ASSERT, Portugal
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Adress: Estádio Universitário de Coimbra, Pavilhão 3, 3040-156 Coimbra, Portugal
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Convento Santo António, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2014 / Revised: 16 May 2014 / Accepted: 6 June 2014 / Published: 18 June 2014
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of different formats (2-a-side, 3-a-side and 4-a-side) on heart rate responses of female students during small-sided and conditioned handball games. The heart rate responses were measured using heart rate monitors during physical education classes. Eight female students participated in the study (15 ± 0.0 years). The one-way ANOVA showed statistical differences with moderate effect between the three different formats (F(2, 1674) = 86.538; p-value ˂ 0.001; = 0.094; Power = 1.0). The results showed that smaller formats (2-a-side and 3-a-side) increased the heart rate responses of female students during small-sided and conditioned handball games during physical education (PE) classes. The results also suggested that 2-a-side games can be used for anaerobic workouts and the 3-a-side and 4-a-side games can be better used to reach lactate-threshold and for aerobic workouts of high intensity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Handball; heart rate; physical education; small-sided games; task constraints Handball; heart rate; physical education; small-sided games; task constraints
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente, F.M.; Rocha, R.F.; Martins, F.M.L.; Mendes, R.S. Acute Effects of Different Formats of Small-Sided and Conditioned Handball Games on Heart Rate Responses in Female Students During PE Classes. Sports 2014, 2, 51-58.

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