Next Article in Journal
Toxicity and Feeding Deterrent Effect of 2-Methylanthraquinone from the Wood Extractives of Tectona grandis on the Subterranean Termites Coptotermes formosanus and Reticulitermes speratus
Previous Article in Journal
Impacts of Antibiotic and Bacteriophage Treatments on the Gut-Symbiont-Associated Blissus insularis (Hemiptera: Blissidae)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Insects 2016, 7(4), 62; doi:10.3390/insects7040062

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) Intercropping within Managed Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) Does Not Affect Wild Bee Communities

1
Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, 1881 Natural Area Dr., Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2
Weyerhaeuser Company, P.O. Box 2288, Columbus, MS 39704, USA
3
Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, 180 E Green Street, Athens, GA 30602-2152, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Palmeri
Received: 15 August 2016 / Revised: 23 October 2016 / Accepted: 1 November 2016 / Published: 4 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3414 KB, uploaded 4 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Intensively-managed pine (Pinus spp.) have been shown to support diverse vertebrate communities, but their ability to support invertebrate communities, such as wild bees, has not been well-studied. Recently, researchers have examined intercropping switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), a native perennial, within intensively managed loblolly pine (P. taeda) plantations as a potential source for cellulosic biofuels. To better understand potential effects of intercropping on bee communities, we investigated visitation of bees within three replicates of four treatments of loblolly pine in Mississippi, U.S.A.: 3–4 year old pine plantations and 9–10 year old pine plantations with and without intercropped switchgrass. We used colored pan traps to capture bees during the growing seasons of 2013 and 2014. We captured 2507 bees comprised of 18 different genera during the two-year study, with Lasioglossum and Ceratina being the most common genera captured. Overall, bee abundances were dependent on plantation age and not presence of intercropping. Our data suggests that switchgrass does not negatively impact or promote bee communities within intensively-managed loblolly pine plantations. View Full-Text
Keywords: loblolly pine; Pinus taeda; switchgrass; Panicum virgatum; pollinators; Ceratina; Lasioglossum; Mississippi; intensive forestry; forest management loblolly pine; Pinus taeda; switchgrass; Panicum virgatum; pollinators; Ceratina; Lasioglossum; Mississippi; intensive forestry; forest management
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Campbell, J.W.; Miller, D.A.; Martin, J.A. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) Intercropping within Managed Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) Does Not Affect Wild Bee Communities. Insects 2016, 7, 62.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top