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Insects 2016, 7(4), 49; doi:10.3390/insects7040049

Prey-Mediated Effects of Drought on the Consumption Rates of Coccinellid Predators of Elatobium abietinum

1
Department of Life Sciences, Silwood Park, Imperial College London, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
2
Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Harper Adams University, Newport TF10 8NB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrew G. S. Cuthbertson and Eric W. Riddick
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 15 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 27 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests)
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Abstract

Climate change in the UK is predicted to cause an increase in summer drought events. Elatobium abietinum is an important pest of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), causing defoliation of trees, and is predicted to become more abundant in response to climatic change, reducing spruce productivity. Populations are also moderated by invertebrate predators, though the extent to which this might be modified under a changing climate is unclear. Elatobium abietinum is preyed upon by the coccinellid species Aphidecta obliterata (a spruce specialist) and Adalia bipunctata (a generalist), populations of which naturally occur in spruce plantations. This study sought to investigate the effect of different intensities and frequencies of drought on the consumption rate of the aphids by the two coccinellids. In Petri dish trials, severe drought stress increased the consumption rates of 3rd instar aphids by both adult and larval coccinellids. Moderate intermittent stress tended to result in a reduced consumption rate for larval coccinellids only, suggesting an age-dependent response. The findings of this study suggest that, under drought conditions, a prey-mediated effect on predator consumption, and, therefore, biocontrol efficacy, is likely, with drought intensity and frequency playing an important role in determining the nature of the response. View Full-Text
Keywords: Elatobium abietinum; Picea sitchensis; Aphidecta obliterata; Adalia bipunctata; drought stress; consumption rate; climate change; biological control Elatobium abietinum; Picea sitchensis; Aphidecta obliterata; Adalia bipunctata; drought stress; consumption rate; climate change; biological control
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Banfield-Zanin, J.A.; Leather, S.R. Prey-Mediated Effects of Drought on the Consumption Rates of Coccinellid Predators of Elatobium abietinum. Insects 2016, 7, 49.

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