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Insects 2016, 7(2), 28; doi:10.3390/insects7020028

Management of Chinese Rose Beetle (Adoretus sinicus) Adults Feeding on Cacao (Theobroma cacao) Using Insecticides

1
Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai’i Manoa, 3050 Maile Way, Gilmore Hall 310, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
2
Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai’i Manoa, 3190 Maile Way, St John Hall Room 102, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian T. Forschler
Received: 20 April 2016 / Revised: 7 June 2016 / Accepted: 13 June 2016 / Published: 24 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [430 KB, uploaded 24 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

The Chinese rose beetle (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)) is an introduced, widely-established pest in Hawai’i. The adult beetles feed on the leaves of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.), which can lead to defoliation and even death of young trees. We evaluated the impact of five commercially available products with different active ingredients (imidacloprid, azadirachtin, Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill., kaolin clay, and pyrethrin) and the presence or absence of weed mat cover in reducing adult beetle feeding on sapling cacao in the field. The use of weed mat cover reduced feeding damage compared to the untreated control, as did foliar application of imidacloprid, azadirachtin, and B. bassiana. In the laboratory, field-collected adult beetles were presented cacao leaf samples dipped in one of the five products and compared to a control. Beetles exposed to pyrethrin died rapidly. Among the other treatments, only exposure to imidacloprid significantly reduced survival relative to the control. Beetles fed very little on leaf samples with azadirachtin but their longevity was not significantly reduced. Imidacloprid, azadirachtin, and weed mat application had the most promise for reducing adult Chinese rose beetle feeding damage in young cacao and deserve further investigation for successful management of this significant pest. View Full-Text
Keywords: entomopathogen; neem; pest management; ornamental; biopesticide entomopathogen; neem; pest management; ornamental; biopesticide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Spafford, H.; Ching, A.; Manley, M.; Hardin, C.; Bittenbender, H. Management of Chinese Rose Beetle (Adoretus sinicus) Adults Feeding on Cacao (Theobroma cacao) Using Insecticides. Insects 2016, 7, 28.

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