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Insects 2016, 7(2), 12; doi:10.3390/insects7020012

Reproduction and Population Dynamics as Biotypic Markers of Russian Wheat Aphid Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov)

1,2,* , 2,†
,
1,†
and
1,2,†
1
Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, Egerton 536-20115, Kenya
2
Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, Food crops institute, Kitale 450-30200, Kenya
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Forschler
Received: 14 January 2015 / Revised: 7 August 2015 / Accepted: 10 August 2015 / Published: 2 April 2016
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Abstract

Russian wheat aphid Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov) is widely established in wheat-growing countries where it causes significant economic losses. The development and use of Russian wheat aphid (RWA)-resistant wheat varieties has been constrained by the variation in resident RWA populations and the evolution of virulent biotypes. An experiment was set up at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), Njoro, to characterize RWA populations based on phenotypic characteristics of reproduction, development and population dynamics. RWA populations from the regions of Eldoret, Mau Narok and Njoro were used in the study. A factorial experiment was set up in randomized complete block design replicated eleven times. A single day-old nymph was placed on a new, fully-open leaf in a 0.5 cm-diameter clear plastic straw leaf cage and observed daily for its entire lifetime. The results showed that there were variations in aphid lifespan, reproductive longevity and aphid fecundity between populations, indicating that the phenotypic markers used to determine biotypes were good enough to show distinct biotypes among populations of the RWA in Kenya. Further, the study concluded that the use of phenotypic life and reproductive markers was a valid way of characterizing biotypes of RWA worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: Diuraphis noxia; population; preference; reproduction Diuraphis noxia; population; preference; reproduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ngenya, W.; Malinga, J.; Tabu, I.; Masinde, E. Reproduction and Population Dynamics as Biotypic Markers of Russian Wheat Aphid Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov). Insects 2016, 7, 12.

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